Organised crime, violence, and insecurity, not purely economic calculations, play a crucial role in one’s decision to emigrate to the U.S., say the authors.
Sebastián A. Cutrona, Associate Professor, Jindal School of International Affairs, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, Haryana, India.
Jonathan D. Rosen, Assistant Professor, New Jersey City University, NJ, USA.
Katy A. Lindquist, Principal Research Scientist, NSI, Inc., National Security Innovations, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
This article utilises logistic regression analysis to determine the factors that influence people from Mexico, El Salvador, and Guatemala deciding to flee to other countries.
By broadening the traditional migration literature, we argue that organised crime, violence, and insecurity, not purely economic calculations, play a crucial role in one’s decision to emigrate to the U.S.
Although concretely economic motivations, such as the household’s wage level, and social capital-related factors like having family ties in the destination country, are strong correlates in our models, we show that victimisation and fear of crime also affect the decision to live or work abroad.
We contend that these factors are directly related to the presence of gangs and other criminal organisations in all three countries.
Published in: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.
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