Psychology

Waste management behaviour in the most populated capital city of the world

Waste management behaviour in the most populated capital city of the world

While designing waste management solutions, due importance must be given to the cost to be borne by people for adopting these solutions, shows this study.

Authors

Raunaq Chawla, Jindal School of Psychology and Counselling, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, India.

Eric Soreng, Department of Psychology, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.

Avinash Kumar, Department of Psychology, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.

Summary

A prime objective of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA; Clean India Mission) is to motivate people to segregate their household waste. The purpose of this study is to assess the ground reality of waste management behaviour of Delhi residents with the help of a modified Value–Belief–Norm (VBN) model. Past researches point the need to include cost as a variable in the VBN model. This study fulfils this need and tests cost as one of the variables on the gathered data.

Methodology

The research data were gathered by interacting with the people and the civic staff in the jurisdiction of the three Delhi municipalities through a stratified sampling technique (N = 250). The structural equation modelling was used to analyse the collected data.

Findings

The modified VBN model explains the waste management behaviour, but the variables do not follow the exact causal chain. Values, awareness of consequences, ascription of responsibility and personal norms all explain the resident’s waste management behaviour. However, cost limits the resident’s waste management behaviour.

Research Implications

The study could only achieve a moderate model fit; its sample size was small; and data were collected through self-reported questionnaire.

Practical implications

Three main practical implications of the study are: (1) While designing waste management solutions, due importance must be given to the cost to be borne by people for adopting these solutions. (2) Design such interventions that target residents’ values to convince them to make the desired behavioural change. (3) People need be educated about the ways to sort waste and made aware of the importance of waste segregation in eradicating the urban waste mess.

Originality/value

The paper is an original contribution to testing a modified VBN model in predicting waste management behaviour. The modified model includes cost as a variable missing in the previous research. This research is useful in the backdrop of the SBA and provides suggestions for policymakers and pro-environment researchers.

Published in: Management of Environmental Quality

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