This study aims to shed light on the state of ESG policies and practices globally, providing valuable insights for future research and policy development in the field.
Monica Singhania, Faculty of Management Studies, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.
Neha Saini, Department of Management Studies, Netaji Subhas University of Technology, New Delhi, India.
Charu Shri, Department of Management Studies, Netaji Subhas University of Technology, New Delhi, India.
Shabani Bhatia, Assistant Professor, Jindal Global Business School, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, India.
The purpose of this paper is to compare environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosures regulatory frameworks in developed and developing countries, identifying similarities, differences and trends to contribute to effective and sustainable practices globally.
Descriptive research design compares ESG frameworks in developed and developing countries. It reviews literature, collects data, analyzes differences and categorizes countries based on ESG development stages. Implications, recommendations and an analytical ESG table are explored and validated.
The study’s findings have significant implications for practice, society and research. The categorization of 28 countries into four ESG framework development stages facilitates strategic implementation and improved decision-making aligned with sustainability reporting.
The study’s findings will support regulators, policymakers and institutional investors in bridging the sustainability gap. By categorizing countries based on their ESG framework development stages, the study aims to provide benchmark practices for countries in the early stages of ESG disclosure. This will address information asymmetry issues and facilitate the establishment of resilient business operations and reporting practices. Ultimately, the study promotes long-term social and economic well-being by strengthening emerging sustainable practices.
To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study represents a novel contribution to the existing literature by analyzing the varying levels of development in the ESG policy framework across countries. It fills a gap in current research by providing a comprehensive assessment of the ESG landscape and highlighting the disparities and advancements in different countries. This study aims to shed light on the state of ESG policies and practices globally, providing valuable insights for future research and policy development in the field.
Published in: Management of Environmental Quality
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